Examples of displaying access permissions

To display the permissions on a single file:

   ls -l file1
   -rw-r--r--  2 unixjohn doc     3287 Apr  8 12:10 file1

This displays the following information about the file file1.

   -rw-r--r--      (access permissions)
   2               (number of links to this file)
   unixjohn        (owner)
   doc             (group ownership)
   3287            (size in bytes)
   Apr  8 12:10    (date and time last modified)

To display the permissions on the contents of a directory:

   ls -l prototype

This displays the same information as in the example above for each file and directory in the directory prototype.


To display the permissions on each file and directory in your current directory:

   ls -l
   -rw-------  1 erpl08   iss    4307 Jun 17 10:00 FAQ.xdh
   drwx------  2 erpl08   iss    1024 Jun 17 10:00 SCCS
   -rw-------  1 erpl08   iss   15119 Jun 17 10:00 commands.xdh
   -rw-------  1 erpl08   iss     266 Jun 17 10:00 concepts.xdh

This displays the following information about every file and directory.

   d             (this is a directory)
   rwx------     (access permissions)
   2             (number of links to this file)
   erpl08        (owner)
   iss           (group ownership)
   1024          (size in bytes)
   Jun 17 10:00  (date and time last modified)

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